Two macrocyclic 14C-pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA's), senecionine an seneciphylline, were studied regarding the distribution, excretion, transfer into milk, and covalent binding to hepatic macromolecules in BALB/c mice. After injection, radioactivity was rapidly excreted in the urine and feces (84% or greater) within 16 hr. The liver contained over 1.5% of the dose at 16 hr. A small amount, 0.04%, of the dose was transferred into the milk in 16 hr; the majority of radioactivity was found in the skim-milk fraction, suggesting that the PA's were transferred to the milk as water-soluble metabolites. Both PA's covalently bound to liver macromolecules (DNA, RNA, and protein). The binding to calf thymus DNA and microsomal macromolecules was measured in vitro. The binding was diminished in the absence of O2 or a NADPH-generating system or by boiling the microsomes. No inhibition of the binding by KCN was observed.