CYP2A6, a member of the cytochrome P450 (P450) family, is one of the enzymes responsible for the metabolism of therapeutic drugs and such tobacco components as nicotine, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone, and N-nitrosodiethylamine. Genetic polymorphisms in CYP2A6 are associated with individual variation in smoking behavior, drug toxicities, and the risk of developing several cancers. In this study, we conducted an in vitro analysis of 34 allelic variants of CYP2A6 using nicotine and coumarin as representative CYP2A6 substrates. These variant CYP2A6 proteins were heterologously expressed in 293FT cells, and their enzymatic activities were assessed on the basis of nicotine C-oxidation and coumarin 7-hydroxylation activities. Among the 34 CYP2A6 variants, CYP2A6.2, CYP2A6.5, CYP2A6.6, CYP2A6.10, CYP2A6.26, CYP2A6.36, and CYP2A6.37 exhibited no enzymatic activity, whereas 14 other variants exhibited markedly reduced activity toward both nicotine and coumarin. These comprehensive in vitro findings may provide useful insight into individual differences in smoking behavior, drug efficacy, and cancer susceptibility.
- Received September 7, 2016.
- Accepted December 13, 2016.
H.H. and M.K. contributed equally to this work.
This study was supported in part by a grant from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) of Japan (“Initiative to facilitate development of innovative drug, medical devices, and cellular and tissue-based product”), the Smoking Research Foundation, and the Japan Research Foundation for Clinical Pharmacology.
- Copyright © 2017 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics