The propensity for CYP3A4 induction by 2-(6-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetamide (PF-06282999), an irreversible inactivator of myeloperoxidase, was examined in the present study. Studies using human hepatocytes revealed moderate increases in CYP3A4 mRNA and midazolam-1′-hydroxylase activity in a PF-06282999 dose-dependent fashion. At the highest tested concentration of 300 μM, PF-06282999 caused maximal induction in CYP3A4 mRNA and enzyme activity ranging from 56% to 86% and 47% t0 72%, respectively, of rifampicin response across the three hepatocyte donor pools. In a clinical drug-drug interaction (DDI) study, the mean midazolam Cmax and area under the curve (AUC) values following 14-day treatment with PF-06282999 decreased in a dose-dependent fashion with a maximum decrease in midazolam AUC0–inf and Cmax of ∼57.2% and 41.1% observed at the 500 mg twice daily dose. The moderate impact on midazolam pharmacokinetics at the 500 mg twice daily dose of PF-06282999 was also reflected in statistically significant changes in plasma 4β-hydroxycholesterol/cholesterol and urinary 6β-hydroxycortisol/cortisol ratios. Changes in plasma and urinary CYP3A4 biomarkers did not reach statistical significance at the 125 mg three times daily dose of PF-06282999, despite a modest decrease in midazolam systemic exposure. Predicted DDI magnitude based on the in vitro induction parameters and simulated pharmacokinetics of perpetrator (PF-06282999) and victim (midazolam) using the Simcyp (Simcyp Ltd., Sheffield, United Kingdom) population-based simulator were in reasonable agreement with the observed clinical data. Since the magnitude of the 4β-hydroxycholesterol or 6β-hydroxycortisol ratio change was generally smaller than the magnitude of the midazolam AUC change with PF-06282999, a pharmacokinetic interaction study with midazolam ultimately proved important for assessment of DDI via CYP3A4 induction.
- Received November 30, 2016.
- Accepted February 28, 2017.
All authors are employees of, and/or held stock in Pfizer Inc. when this work was carried out.
- Copyright © 2017 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics