We evaluated the long term stability of hepatocytes stored in vapor phase of liquid nitrogen for their viability, cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 activity, CYP3A4/5 activity, uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyl transferase (UGT) activity, sulfotransferase (SULT) activity, and CYP3A4/5 induction during 14 years of preservation. No substantial degradation of viability, CYP1A2 activity, UGT activity, or CYP3A4/5 induction was observed. CYP3A4/5 activity showed a slight decrease after 7 years of storage, and SULT activity gradually decreased during storage, although substantial activities remained even after 14 years. These results indicate that cryopreserved human hepatocytes can be stored stably for more than a decade with little or no change in viability, activity of drug metabolizing enzymes, or CYP3A4/5 induction, and can be widely applicable to qualitative research in drug metabolism.
- cytochrome P450
- drug-drug interactions
- pregnane X receptor/PXR/SXR
- sulfate conjugation/sulfotransferases/SULT
- The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics