Scientific name, parts used, factor, solvent used for extraction, typical ingredient(s), putative clinical applications, and recommended daily dose of test compounds

Test Compounds (Scientific Name)

Parts Used


Solvent Used for Extraction

Typical Ingredient(s)

Putative Clinical Applications

Barley (Hordeum vulgar) Seed 20 Water α-Amylase inhibitor Controlling absorption of starch 30
Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) Fruit 100 Water/ethanol Anthocyanidins Improvement of visual function 120
Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) Aerial part 2 Water/ethanol Echinacoside Activation of immune system 270
Green tea (Thea sinensis) Leaf 10 Water/ethanol Catechins Antioxidant, chemopreventive effect 400
Mulberry (Morus alba) Leaf 3.5 Water/ethanol Fagomine Decrease of blood glucose 400
Job's tears (Coix lachryma-jobi) Seed 2 Water Fatty acids Diuretic action 600
Black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa) Root 5 Water/ethanol Triterpenoids Improvement of menopause 40
Rutin (Sphora japonica) Flower bud 5 Water/ethanol Rutin Enhancement of capillary resistance 50
Rafuma (Apocynum venetum) Leaf 15 Water/ethanol Hyperoside Antidepression 60
Banaba (Lagerstroemia speciosa) Leaf 10 Water/ethanol Triterpene glycosides Decrease of blood glucose 80
Passion flower (Passiflora incarnata) Aerial part 5 Water/ethanol Flavone glycosides Sedation 100
Grape (Vinis vinifera) Seed 100 Water/ethanol Proanthocyanidins Antistress, preventing adult diseases 100
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) Leaf 50 Water/ethanol Flavonoids, Terpenoids Improvement of blood circulation 120
Siberian ginseng (Acanthopanax senticosus) Root 5 Water/ethanol Lignans Antistress 150
Soy bean (Glycine max)
Embryo axis
Isoflavone glycosides
Estrogen-like action
  • * Dry weight (grams) of the raw material used to prepare 1 g of the extract.

  • ** Recommended daily dose (milligrams) of the extract.