TABLE 2

Overview of the main panels of biomarkers used for diagnosing NAFLD and NASH and the parameters involved in each panel

PanelsApplicationsα2-MacroglobulinAlbuminApolipoprotein A1AgeALTASTAST/ALT ratioBilirubinBMICholesterolSexGGTGlucoseGlutamateGlycineHaptoglobinHeightHyaluronic acidHypertensionInsulinIsoleucineLysophosphatidylcholine 16:0Metabolic syndromPhosphoethanolamine 40:6Platelet countPNPLA3 genotypeType 2 diabetesTriglyceridesWaist circumferenceWeight
BARD scoreFibrosis
Fib-4Fibrosis
FLISteatosis
HAIR scoreNASH
HSISteatosis
LAPSteatosis
NFSFibrosis
NASH ClinLipMet scoreNASH
NASHTestNASH
NLFSSteatosis
Palekar scoreNASH
SteatoTestSteatosis
  • BARD, BMI, AST/ALT ratio, and the presence of type 2 diabetes; HAIR, hypertension, ALT, and insulin resistance; NLFS, NAFLD Liver Fat Score.